# Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras

## Description

***** Please be advised that you must submit an Ontario Visiting Graduate Students (OVGS) Program application form from Council of Ontario Universities to your home university department if you are a student in Ontario (outside of the University of Toronto) that wishes to take one of the two thematic program courses for credit. We will not be able to issue certificates for these two courses. *****

**Instructor:** Prof. George Elliott**Email:** elliott@math.toronto.edu

**Teaching Assistant:** Joshua Lau at

- *Please contact Joshua if you would like to receive emails for course materials and assignments!*

**Course Dates:** September 8th - December 6th, 2023**Mid-Semester Break:** November 6th - 10th, 2023**Lecture Times:** Mondays, Wednesdays, & Fridays | 2:00 PM - 3:00 PM (ET)

**Format:** Hybrid - In Person at Bahen Building, Room 1220 | Remote via Zoom: https://zoom.us/j/96775594350

**Course Description**

University of Toronto course listing: http://www.math.utoronto.ca/cms/graduate-program/current-students-grad/2...

The theory of operator algebras was begun by John von Neumann eighty years ago. In one of the most important innovations of this theory, von Neumann and Murray introduced a notion of equivalence of projections in a self-adjoint algebra (*-algebra) of Hilbert space operators that was compatible with addition of orthogonal projections (also in matrix algebras over the algebra), and so gave rise to an abelian semigroup, now referred to as the Murray-von Neumann semigroup.

Later, Grothendieck in geometry, Atiyah and Hirzebruch in topology, and Serre in the setting of arbitrary rings (pertinent for instance for number theory), considered similar constructions. The enveloping group of the semigroup considered in each of these settings is now referred to as the K-group (Grothendieck's terminology), or as the Grothendieck group.

Among the many indications of the depth of this construction was the discovery of Atiyah and Hirzebruch that Bott periodicity could be expressed in a simple way using the K-group. Also, Atiyah and Singer famously showed that K-theory was important in connection with the Fredholm index. Partly because of these developments, K-theory very soon became important again in the theory of operator algebras. (And in turn, operator algebras became increasingly important in other branches of mathematics.

The purpose of this course is to give a general, elementary, introduction to the ideas of K-theory in the operator algebra context. (Very briefly, K-theory generalizes the notion of dimension of a vector space.)

The course will begin with a description of the method (K-theoretical in spirit) used by Murray and von Neumann to give a rough initial classication of von Neumann algebras (into types I, II, and III). It will centre around the relatively recent use of K-theory to study Bratteli's approximately finite-dimensional C*-algebras---both to classify them (a result that can be formulated and proved purely algebraically), and to prove that the class of these C*-algebras---what Bratteli called AF algebras---is closed under passing to extensions (a result that uses the Bott periodicity feature of K-theory).

Students will be encouraged to prepare oral or written reports on various subjects related to the course, including basic theory and applications.

**Prerequisites: **An attempt will be made to supply the necessary prerequisites when needed (rather few, beyond just elementary algebra and analysis).

**Textbook: **Mikael Rordam, Flemming Larsen, and Niels J. Laustsen, An Introduction to K-Theory for C*-Algebras

**Recommended References:**

- Edward G. Effros, Dimensions and C*-algebras
- Bruce E. Blackadar, Operator Algebras: Theory of C*-Algebras and von Neumann Algebras
- Kenneth R. Davidson, C*-Algebras by Example

**Evaluation Method:**

- (50%) Homework
- (50%) Participation

## Schedule

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 08 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 09 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 10 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 11 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 12 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 13 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 14 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 15 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 16 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 17 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 18 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

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Lecture 19 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 20 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 21 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 22 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 23 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 24 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 25 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 26 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 27 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 28 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 29 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 30 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 31 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

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Lecture 32 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 33 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 34 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |

14:00 to 15:00 |
Lecture 35 | Graduate Course on K-Theory and C*-Algebras
George Elliott, University of Toronto |