
THE
FIELDS INSTITUTE FOR RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES 
Set
Theory Seminar Series 201415
Fields Institute, Room 210
Friday 1:30 pm
Organizing
Committee:
Miguel Angel Mota, Ilijas Farah, Juris Steprans, Paul
Szeptycki



2014
Fridays

Upcoming Seminars
at 1:30 p.m. in the Fields Institute, Room 210

November 21, 2014 
Miodrag Sokic
Functional classes
We consider the class of finite structures with functional symbols
with respect to the Ramsey property.

201415

Past Seminars
Speaker and Talk Title

November 14, 2014 
Martino Lupini
Fraisse limits of operator spaces and the noncommutative Gurarij
space
We realize the noncommutative Gurarij space introduced by Oikhberg
as the Fraisse limit of the class of finitedimensional 1exact operator
spaces. As a consequence we deduce that such a space is unique, homogeneous,
universal among separable 1exact operator spaces, and linearly isometric
to the Gurarij Banach space.

November 7, 2014
Stewart Library 
Juris Steprans
The descriptive set theoretic complexity of the weakly almost periodic
functions in the dual of the group algebra
The almost periodic functions on a group G are those functions F
from G to the complex number such that the uniform norm closure of
all shifts of F is compact in the uniform norm. The weakly almost
periodic functions are those for which the analogous statement holds
for the weak topology. The family of sets whose characteristic functions
are weakly almost periodic forms a Boolean algebra. The question of
when this family is a complete $\Pi^1_1$ set will be examined.

October 31, 2014

Speaker 1 (from 12:30 to 13:30):
Vera Fischer
Definable Maximal Cofinitary Groups and Large Continuum
A cofinitary group is a subgroup of the group of all permutations
of the natural numbers, all nonidentity elements of which have only
finitely many fixed points. A cofinitary group is maximal if it is not
properly contained in any other cofinitary group. We will discuss the
existence of nicely definable maximal cofinitary groups in the presence
of large continuum and in particular, we will see the generic construction
of a maximal cofinitary group with a $\Pi^1_2$ definable set of generators
in the presence of $2^\omega=\aleph_2$.
Speaker 2 (from 13:30 to 15:00):
Menachem Magidor
On compactness for being $\lambda$ collectionwise hausdorff
A compactness property is the statement for a structure in a given
class, if every smaller cardinality substructure has a certain property
then the whole structure has this property. In this talk we shall
deal with the compactness for the property of a topological space
being collection wise Hausdorff. The space is X is said to be $\lambda$collection
wise Hausdorff ($\lambda$cwH) if every closed discrete subset of
X of cardinality less than $\lambda$ can be separated by a family
of open sets. X is cwH if it is $\lambda$cwH for every cardinal
$\lambda$.
We shall deal with the problem of when $\lambda$cwH implies cwH,
or just when does $\lambda$cwH implies $\lambda^+$cwH. A classical
example of Bing provides for every cardinal $\lambda$ a space $X_\lambda$
which is $\lambda$cwH but not $\lambda^+$cwH. So if we hope to
get any level of compactness for the the property of being cwH, we
have to restrict the class of spaces we consider. A fruitful case
is the case where we restrict the local cardinality of the space.
A motivating result is the construction by Shelah (using supercompact
cardinal) of a model of Set Theory in which a space which is locally
countable and which is $\omega_2$cwH is cwH.
Can the Shelah result be generalized to larger cardinals , e.g. can
you get a model in which for spaces which are locally of cardinality
$\leq \omega_1$ and which are $\omega_3$cwH are cwH? In general for
which pair of cardinals $(\lambda, \mu)$ we can have models in which
a space which is locally of cardinality $< \mu$ and which is $\lambda$cwH
are $\lambda^+$cwH? In this lecture we shall give few examples where
we get some ZFC theorems showing that for some pairs $(\lambda, \mu)$
compactness necessarily fails, and cases of pairs for which one can
consistently have compactness for the property of being cwH.

October 24, 2014

Jordi Lopez Abad
Ramsey properties of embeddings between finite dimensional normed
spaces
Given d=m , let E m,n be the set of all m×d matrices (a i,j
) such that
(a) ? d j=1 a i,j =1 for every 1=i=m .
(b) max m i=1 a i,j =1 for every 1=j=d .
These matrices correspond to the linear isometric embeddings from
the normed space l d 8 :=(R d ,?·? 8 ) into l d 8 , in their
unit bases.
We will discuss and give (hints of) a proof of the following new approximate
Ramsey result:
For every integers d , m and r and every e>0 there exists n such
that for every coloring of E d,n into r many colors there is A?E
m,n and a color i<r such that A·E d,m ?(c 1 (i)) e . Its
proof uses the GrahamRothschild Theorem on partitions of finite sets.
We extend this result, first for embeddings between \emph{polyhedral}
normed spaces, and finally for arbitrary finite dimensional normed
spaces to get the following:
For every finite dimensional normed spaces E and F , every ?>1
and e>0 , and every integer r , there is some n such that for every
coloring of Emb ? 2 (F,l n 8 ) into r many colors there is T?Emb
? (G,l n 8 ) and some color i<r such that T°Emb ? (F,G)?(c
1 (i)) ? 2 1+e .
As a consequence, we obtain that the group of linear isometries of
the Gurarij space is extremely amenable. A similar result for positive
isometric embeddings gives that the universal minimal flow of the
group of affine homeomorphisms of the Poulsen simplex is the Poulsen
simplex itself.
This a joint work (in progress) with Dana Bartosova (University of
Sao Paulo) and Brice Mbombo (University of Sao Paulo)

October 17, 2014

Speaker 1 (from 12:30 to 13:30):
Dana Bartosova
Finite Gowers' Theorem and the Lelek fan
The Lelek fan is a unique nondegenrate subcontinuum of the Cantor
fan with a dense set of endpoints. We denote by $G$ the group of homeomorphisms
of the Lelek fan with the compactopen topology. Studying the dynamics
of $G$, we generalize finite Gowers' Theorem to a variety of operations
and show how it applies to our original problem. This is joint work
with Aleksandra Kwiatkowska.
Speaker 2 (from 13:30 to 15:00):
Assaf Rinot
Productivity of higher chain condition
We shall survey the history of the study of the productivity of the
kcc in partial orders, topological spaces, and Boolean algebras.
We shall address a conjecture that tries to characterize such a productivity
in Ramseytype language. For this, a new oscillation function for
successor cardinals, and a new characteristic function for walks on
ordinals will be proposed and investigated.

October 10

Sheila Miller
Critical sequences of ranktorank embeddings and a tower of finite
left distributive algebras
In the early 1990's Richard Laver discovered a deep and striking
correspondence between critical sequences of ranktorank embeddings
and finite left distributive algebras on integers. Each $A_n$ in the
tower of finite algebras can be defined purely algebraically, with
no reference to the elementary embeddings, and yet there are facts
about the Laver tables that have only been proven from a large cardinal
assumption. We present here some of Laver's foundational work on the
algebra of critical sequences of ranktorank embeddings and some
work of the author's, describe how the finite algebras arise from
the large cardinal embeddings, and mention several related open problems.

October 3

Ilijas Farah
Omitting types in logic of metric structures is hard
One of the important tools for building models with prescribed secondorder
properties is the omitting types theorem. In logic of metric structures
omitting types is much harder than in classical firstorder logic
(it is Pi11 hard). Although the motivation for this work comes from
C*algebras, the talk will mostly be on descriptive set theory. The
intended takeaway from the talk is "logic of metric structures
blends with descriptive set theory beautifully." This is joint
work with Menachem Magidor.

September 26

No seminar

September 19

Daniel Soukup
Trees, ladders and graphs
The chromatic number of a graph $G$ is the least (cardinal) number
$\kappa$ such that the vertices of $G$ can be covered by $\kappa$
many independent sets. A fundamental problem of graph theory asks
how large chromatic number affects structural properties of a graph
and in particular, is it true that a graph with large chromatic number
has certain obligatory subgraphs? The aim of this talk is to introduce
a new and rather flexible method to construct uncountably chromatic
graphs from non special trees and ladder systems. Answering a question
of P. Erdos and A. Hajnal, we construct graphs of chromatic number
$\omega_1$ without uncountable infinitely connected subgraphs.

September 12

Konstantinos Tyros
A disjoint union theorem for trees
In this talk we will present an infinitary disjoint union theorem
for level products of trees. An easy consequence of the dual Ramsey
theorem due to T.J. Carlson and S.G. Simpson is that for every Suslin
measurable finite coloring of the power set of the natural numbers,
there exists a sequence $(X_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ of disjoint nonempty
subsets of $\mathbb{N}$ such that the set
\[\Big\{\bigcup_{n\in Y}X_n:\; Y\;\text{nonempty subset of }\mathbb{N}\Big\}\]
is monochromatic. The result that we will present is of this sort,
where the underline structure is the level product of a finite sequence
of uniquely rooted and finitely branching trees with no maximal nodes
of height $\omega$ instead of the natural numbers.
As it is required by the proof of the above result, we develop an
analogue of the infinite dimensional version of the HalesJewett
Theorem for maps defined on a level product of trees, which we will
also present, if time permits.

September 5 
Diana Ojeda
Finite forms of Gowers' Theorem on the oscillation stability of $c_0$
We give a constructive proof of the finite version of Gowers' $FIN_k$
Theorem and analyze the corresponding upper bounds. The $FIN_k$ Theorem
is closely related to the oscillation stability of $c_0$. The stabilization
of Lipschitz functions on arbitrary finite dimensional Banach spaces
was proved well before by V. Milman. We compare the finite $FIN_k$
Theorem with the Finite Stabilization Principle found by Milman in
the case of spaces of the form $\ell_{\infty}^n$, $n\in N$, and establish
a much slower growing upper bound for the finite stabilization principle
in this particular case.

August 29

Seminar cancelled

August 22

Mike Pawliuk
Various types of products of Fraisse Classes, various types of amenability
and various types of preservation results.
This is joint work with Miodrag Sokic.
In a recent paper of Jakub Jasinski, Claude Laflamme, Lionel Nguyen
Van Thé and Robert Woodrow (Arxiv: 1310.6466) it was shown
that certain Fraisse Classes are actually Ramsey classes. For many
of those cases we have determined whether their automorphism groups
are extremely amenable or not. Some of these spaces turn out to actually
be a special type of product of Fraisse classes. We were able to prove
that unique ergodicity (a type of amenability) is preserved under
this type of product.

August 1 
Martino Lupini
Functorial complexity of Polish and analytic groupoids
I will explain how one can generalize the theory of Borel complexity
from analytic equivalence relations to groupoids by means of the notion
of Borel classifying functor. This framework allows one to capture
the complexity of classifying the objects of a category in a functorial
way. I will then present the first results relating the functorial
complexity of a groupoid and the complexity of its associated orbit
equivalence relation, focusing on the case of Polish groupoids: For
Polish groupoids with essentially treeable equivalence relations any
Borel reduction between the orbit equivalence relations extends to
a Borel classifying functor. On the other hand for any countable nontreeable
equivalence relation E there are Polish groupoids of different functorial
complexity both having E as associated orbit equivalence relation.
The proof of these results involves a generalization of some fundamental
results on the descriptive set theory of actions of Polish groups
such as the BeckerKechris theorem on Polishability of Borel Gspaces
to actions of Polish groupoids.

July 25 
Saeed Ghasemi
An analogue of FefermanVaught theorem for reduced products of
metric structures
I will give a metric version of the FefermanVaught theorem for reduced
products of discrete spaces. We will use this to show that, under
the continuum hypothesis, the reduced powers of any metric structure
over atomless layered ideals are isomorphic. As another application,
I will give an example of two reduced products of sequences of matrix
algebras over Fin, which are elementarily equivalent, therefore isomorphic
under the CH, with no trivial isomorphisms between them.

June 27 
Christopher Eagle
Model theory of abelian real rank zero C*algebras
We consider algebras of the form $C(X)$, where $X$ is a $0$dimensional
compact Hausdorff space, from the point of view of continuous model
theory. We characterize these algebras up to elementary equivalence
in terms of invariants of the Boolean algebra $CL(X)$ of clopen subsets
of $X$. We also describe several saturation properties that $C(X)$
may have, and relate these to topological properties of $X$ and saturation
of $CL(X)$. We will discuss some consequences of saturation when we
view $C(X)$ as a $C^*$algebra. All the necessary background on continuous
logic will be provided. This is joint work with Alessandro Vignati.

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