visitor information page provides information on the facilities and resources
available to Fields Institute reseachers and visitors. For additional questions
or concerns please contact
-- Opening a Visiting Researchers Account
at Fields invited visitors to Fields are requested to check in with the
Receptionist to open a members account. Building keys and/or an office key
if assigned, a photocopy code and long-distance code if required. Also,
you can pick up a reimbursement claim form if your visit is funded. Researchers
accounts are opened with a credit card imprint as deposit or $50 cash, against
which lost key charges, long distance or excess photocopying/printing will
For a computer account please visit Computing Support in office 338.
Street, 2nd floor
Administrative Fax: 416-348-9714
Visiting Member's Fax: 416-348-9385
to Friday, 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
return to index
Centre, U of T
55 Harbord Street, Phone: (416) 978-3437
Athletic Centre Guide is available at
Fields can purchase a day pass at the Athletic Centre. Day lockers and towel
service are available but you must supply your own locks. Long-term visiting
graduate students, post-docs and professors can purchase monthly memberships.
Please see the Program Office at the Athletic Centre to purchase a membership.
You will need to obtain a letter from the Fields
Receptionist indicating your status with the Fields Institute.
For more information on the membership, please go to :
return to index
a bank account: Bank accounts may be opened, with proper ID (passport,
credit card, bank card from other bank), a deposit amount and proof of residence.
A Social Insurance Number (SIN) may or may not be required. Non-Canadians,
bring Canadian Immigration documents with you when you open the account.
Please note individual banks have different criteria, a customer service
representative at the bank can clarify the documentation required to open
reimbursement cheques: (for visitors without a Canadian bank account):
The Fields Institute can provide a letter to assist visitors to cash reimbursement
cheques at the CIBC bank, corner of Spadina and College. Please contact
the Program Team for a copy of the letter.
Exchange: Money may be exchanged at a favourable rate at Banks and Hotels.
Shops and restaurants will often accept U.S. currency, but at a less favourable
exchange rate. Often the best rate is obtained on credit card purchases.
It is a good
idea to keep your bike locked up all times when you are not using it to
prevent theft. There are bike lock-up posts located along the sidewalk on
College Street and to the east of the building.
this Bike Retail Store Listing for
Toronto Cycling Committee
Toronto map of bike
Toronto Parks and Recreation
Toronto Island Bicycle Rental - Centre Island (Tel. 416-203-0009)
University of Toronto Outing Club
Ontario Cycling (tel. 416-426-7242)
Institute doors are open between 9:00 am and 5:00 pm, Monday to Friday. However,
visiting members have access to the Institute facilities 24 hours a day, 7
days a week. When you arrive at the Institute, a researchers account will
be opened for you and keys may be acquired through the Fields Receptionist
with an account deposit.
or leaving the building after business hours, please do not let people who
are unfamiliar to you enter the building. Visitors who are allowed access
will have keys to enter the building. If you lose your keys, please notify
Procedures for School-aged Children
PDF or visitor to Fields is a Canadian Resident, or has been awarded
permanent residency, he or she is eligible to register the child in
a Toronto area school. Parents/guardians must provide the necessary
of age, such as a birth certificate or passport
of citizenship, such as a birth certificate, valid passport, Record
of Landing, or Permanent Resident Card
of address, such as lease agreement or utility bill with the parents/guardians
legal name and childs current address.
Toronto District School Board
, located at 5050 Yonge St. and the Toronto
Catholic District School Board at 80 Sheppard Ave. E. are excellent
resources for information about local schools for children.
City of Toronto, Parks
and Recreation run a variety of low-cost programs for children
and families, which includes everything from sports and fitness to
arts and culture.
is a Family
Care office at the University of Toronto that can provide assistance
with information about local daycares and schools. Among other things,
this centre offers emergency childcare.
Floor, Koffler Student Services Centre
214 College St.
Ph. 416 978-0951
Fax. 416 946-5466
Child Care Suggestions
note that The Fields Institute is not in a position to recommend childcare
and assumes no liability for the services of the childcare centres listed.
This listing is for information only.
The following links are Toronto companies that offer services of temporary
child care. See:
Support Specialist, Room 338, Phone: 416-348-9710 ext. 3039, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
accounts are available to visiting researchers at Fields. Please see
the computing support about opening an account. There is a printing
allowance depending on your length of stay (usually 100 or 500 pages
per month). Printing over the given allowance will be charged at the
rate of $5.00 for every 250 pages (or part thereof.) You have the option
of paying through your credit card or by cash.
are located on the third floor (room 345, behind the photocopier) and
the fourth floor (room 445).
printing is available at a cost of $0.50/page. Please discuss arrangements
with the Fields
Your Email, the Web, or an Account at your Home Institution
need to connect via telnet or ssh (also called slogin) to a remote system
at your home institution (e.g. to check your email), but you don't have
a Fields computer account, you can use one of the common-area Windows
or Macintosh computers (see the sign beside the machine for login instructions
and obtain the " windows/macintosh password" from the receptionist
or you can use one of the Linux terminals or workstations by entering
a special telnet/SSH only login id and password which you
can obtain from reception.
the web or accessing web-based email, the Windows or Macintosh computers
should be sufficient. If they are not, you will need to open a Fields
access your Fields computer account remotely from another Internet-connected
computer by using ssh or slogin to email@example.com.
You may also access your Fields computer account from a Java-enabled
web browser by going to http://login.fields.utoronto.ca.
and Common-Area Workstations
offices are equipped with Linux workstations, and there are also Linux
workstations and Windows/Macintosh computers in the common areas of
tables in the third floor hallways are a Windows computer, a Macintosh
computer, and ten Linux workstations. The Windows/Macintosh computers
are by the entrance to the staircase, to your right as you face the
* A Self-serve
scanner is available for visiting members at Fields. A Fields Institute
computer account is required, however.The scanner is attached to one
of the Linux workstations on the table in the third-floor hallway next
to Room 338.
To use the scanner, log in to that workstation using your regular Fields
computer account, and choose "Use the Scanner" from the Applications
menu. This software provides a simplified series of prompts for selecting
the most common scan types, ensuring you end up with a scanned file
that is of an appropriate size and quality. For assistance, or to report
problems, please see Computing Support in Room 338.
Institute account holders can use their account to log in to any of
the Linux workstations. You will see the same files no matter which
machine you use. Some offices have two workstations; others have a vacant
network port for laptop connections. The workstations are of varying
above, visitors without a computer account can obtain ssh/telnet access
on any of the Linux workstations, and can obtain general Internet acess
on the common-area Windows and Macintosh computers.
signs beside these machines for more information.
can be used inside the Institute building through a direct Ethernet
cable connection (wired) or through a wireless connection.
ask for a laptop connection information sheet
from the receptionist or person coordinating your event. This will
have the encryption key needed for a wireless connection and an authorization
key needed (for both wired and wireless connections) to register your
laptop if you don't have a personal Fields computer account. (It is
no longer necessary to manually provide the computing staff with your
laptop's "MAC" address).
a wired connection, designated laptop stations, complete with network
cables which you can plug straight into your laptop, are available:
the computer room on the second floor (space for 2 laptops)
two tables in the third floor hallways (space for 4 laptops on
On a table in the fourth floor (space for 4 laptops)
ports are also available for your use in the library and in some offices,
but please check the information sheet for how to identify vacant
ports in your office (as some offices only have telephone ports available,
not network ports). In most offices you will also need to provide
your own cable (or ask to borrow one). If you want one of the Fields
computers in your office removed so you can connect your own
or desktop computer, then please contact Fields Computing Support
in Room 338.
Phone: 416-348-9710 ext. 3039, Email: sysadmin<at>fields.utoronto.ca
a wireless connection, use the network name and encryption key provided
on the laptop information sheet you
connecting your laptop (whether by wired or wireless connection) you
need to follow the instructions on the laptop
information sheet to register it on our network. If you
have your own personal Fields Institute computer account, you can
use your user name and password to register your laptop. If you don't,
you can use the temporary access code printed on the laptop
Personal Web Page
You can post your personal web page by creating a file called "index.html"
inside a directory called "public_html" inside your computer
account's home directory. To make it readable by the outside world you
must type the command "chmod a+x ~; chmod a+rX ~/public_html".
The address ("url") of your personal web page will be "http://www.fields.utoronto.ca/~yourusername/
To have your personal web page linked from the Institute's web page,
give the URL of the page to the Computing Support (firstname.lastname@example.org).
We reserve the right to remove your file, if the content is unsuitable
for public viewing.
Conferencing, and SMART board resources
You are invited to attend the 'Afternoon Tea' at 3 p.m. Monday - Friday.
This time offers an opportunity to interact with other visitors and the
Institute staff. Note:the time may be changed for some workshop weeks.
Coffee and tea are available in the kitchen for all Institute members.
If you take the last cup of coffee from a pot during the hours the Institue
is open, please make a fresh one. Instructions are posted above the coffee
and Kitchen Area
The dining area is provided for staff and members to enjoy their meals.
The kitchen is available for your use. Feel free to use the microwave
and the domestic refrigerator but please do not take anything that is
not yours. The commercial refrigerator is for the use of the Institute
staff ONLY with the exception of creamers/milk for coffee.
Dishes are available for your use but each individual is responsible for
cleaning their own dishes and keeping the area clean.
Monday through Friday after 2:30pm, the kitchen will be in use for tea
preparation. Due to space limitations, please schedule your use of the
kitchen before 2:30 p.m.
fire alarm sound, you are required to leave the building immediately.
Stairwells are located at the NW (temporarily closed) and NE corners of
the building on the third and fourth floors, the front staircase and the
NE corner on the second floor. Please familiarize yourself with these
exits. Do not use the elevator to exit the building when a fire alarm
(no need to dial '9' before the number) is available in Room 345. The
number for this machine is (416) 348-9385. Please follow the instructions
posted on the wall for sending a fax. For long distance faxes you will
be required to use a long distance code or calling card.
have any difficulties, see the receptionist, second floor.
At the 1924
International Congress of Mathematicians in Toronto, a resolution was
adopted that at each ICM, two gold medals should be awarded to recognize
outstanding mathematical achievement. Professor J. C. Fields, a Canadian
mathematician who was secretary of the 1924 Congress, later donated funds
establishing the medals which were named in his honor. Consistent with
Fields's wish that the awards recognize both existing work and the promise
of future achievement, it was agreed to restrict the medals to mathematicians
not over forty at the year of the Congress. In 1966 it was agreed that,
in light of the great expansion of mathematical research, up to four medals
could be awarded at each Congress.
For more information about the medal see:
Congress of Mathematicians http://www.mathunion.org/general/prizes/fields/details/
John Charles Fields http://www.fields.utoronto.ca/aboutus/jcfields/
for more about John Charles Fields see Master
thesis on John Charles Fields© by Marcus Emmanuel Barnes 2007
please see the Program Coordinators (Room #316) during your stay at Fields
to have your funding support processed.
1) Reimbursement Claims
2) Research Stipends and information for non-Canadians
Visiting members and postdoctoral fellows who have been offered
a research stipend must provide our accounting office with a local bank
account (a voided cheque), local address and a social insurance
residents must have a work permit to legally work in Canada.
International postdoctoral fellows must have a Citizenship and Immigration
Canada (CIC) work permit prior to coming to Fields to participate in
a postdoctoral fellowship. Note, if the PDF was a student at a Canadian
university and intends to remain in Canada to complete a postdoctoral
position, he or she must apply for a Canadian work permit, even if the
student authorization is still valid.
a valid passport.
an engagement letter from Fields . The total stipend amount must be
indicated, regardless of funding source. CIC must be sure that financial
support will be sufficient for any individual entering Canada. If
you are receiving funding from a source outside Canada, and/or Fields,
such as a fellowship from your home country, university, a corporation,
or research fund, the funding source and stipend must be indicated
in the engagement letter.
the CIC work permit application and submit it to the visa office at
a Canadian embassy, high commission, or consulate abroad. Provide
a non-refundable application fee of $150 Canadian or the equivalent
in your local currency.
Fellows are Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC) exempt
and do not require HRSDC approval to conduct research/teaching activities
in Canada. This exemption falls under regulation #205, code C44.
Residents of the United States can apply for a work permit directly
at a Port of Entry to Canada.
PDFs who already hold a CIC work permit who wish to extend their stay
in Canada, should complete a CIC work
permit application. Additional information on how to change one’s
current status, amend application and contact information, can be found
on the CIC Web site.
Non-Canadian visitors who will be receiving research stipends are required
to have a Social Insurance Number (S.I.N.) to receive payment. To apply
for a SIN number it is necessary to enter Canada with a ' work permit,
HRSDC confirmation exempt' or 'study permit'. To apply for a SIN number
you must enter Canada with a ' work permit, HRSDC confirmation exempt'
(application form- http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/applications/work.asp)
or 'study permit' (http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/applications/student.asp).
Upon your arrival in Toronto, please take your passport, Fields invitation/documentation
letter and your applicable immigration document issued by Immigration
Canada to: Toronto City Hall Service Canada Centre,City Hall, Floor
1, 100 Queen Street West , Toronto, Ontario
visa inquiries: Ph. (416) 973-4444 (Monday to Friday 8:30 a.m. - 4:00
p.m.) General information http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/index.asp
see Income Tax Payable on Research Stipends
Health Services - Dial '911'
also see Emergency Health Services for emergency
resources and additional health information.
of Toronto Health Service Clinic http://www.healthservice.utoronto.ca/
The above clinic will assist visitors with identifying physicians
and other health resources, but is available only to registered U of
595 Bay Street
Hours: Monday to Friday 8:00am - 8:00pm
Weekend and Holiday Hours: Saturdays 10:00am - 6:00pm, Sundays 11:00am
additional listing of local clinics, please see:
Hospital for Sick Children
(For critically sick children emergency/walk-in)
555 University Avenue Toronto, Ontario
Main number - 416-813-1500
Poison Information Line 416-813-5900
30 Bond Street (one block east of Yonge and Queen)
Toronto, Ontario M5B 1W8
Main number - 416-360-4000
is a Dental Emergency Service which is strictly for emergencies
and appointments are booked on the same day. The clinic is open 8:00am
to midnight, 7 days per week. Payment must be made in full by cash or
1650 Yonge St. (north of St. Clair)
Dental Services are not covered by OHIP
is the U of T Faculty of Dentistry which may be a slow
process, but is considerably cheaper than visiting a private dentist.
The first screening is free to determine if you would be suitable for
the program. A separate x-ray appointment is the next step, costing
$45. Finally a diagnostic appointment is booked, costing $40. After
this point you are assigned to a student and the student will discuss
the cost and timeline for required services.
101 Elm Street, 416-979-4927
The Clinics are in operation Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. to 5:15
p.m. with some exclusion.
For more information see:
University Health Insurance Plan (UHIP) was created to offer affordable
insurance to pay the cost of the hospital and medical services for non-canadian
employees, international PDF's, visiting members and students so that
they and their family may maintain your health while at a participating
university in Ontario.
are eligible you, and your family who come to Canada with you, must
enrol in this plan. You will be protected by the plan as soon as you
arrive in Canada but no earlier than the fourth month before the academic
year begins. Please see the UHIP web site: (http://www.uhip.ca).
Application form can be downloaded from: http://www.uhip.ca/_uploads/en_ApplicationForm.pdf
The minimum time period is 1 month, at a rate of approx. $63/mth/person.
UHIP claim forms
are available on the UHIP adminstrator's website.
need to hand in their applications to the university UHIP plan administrator
at Sidney Smith Building, 100 St. George St., Room 2017. You may also
contact her directly at 416-946-5477 or email at ellen.brikaras<at>artsci.utoronto.ca
for further information. Post-doctoral fellows can visit the School
of Graduate Studies, 63 St. George St. Rm 304 (416 946-5254) -- http://www.sgs.utoronto.ca/informationfor/postdoctoral/being/healthinsurance.htm
or contact sgs.postdoc<at>utoronto.ca
note the UHIP plan is also required for all eligible dependents (partner/spouse
or children). You should also note that your dependents may be limited
for or even declined coverage if they are not enrolled within 30 days
of their arrival.
fellows working for less than six months and their family members who
come to Canada with the PDF cannot get the government's OHIP (Ontario
Health Insurance Plan), but PDF's working for at least six months can
get OHIP after a three-month waiting period, but family members who
come to Canada with the PDF cannot.
for OHIP (Ontario Health Insurance Plan)
Ontario residents are eligible for provincially funded health coverage
under OHIP (http://www.health.gov.on.ca/).
To be eligible for Ontario health coverage you must:
1. be a Canadian citizen or have immigration
status in Ontario's Health Insurance Act, and
2. make your permanent and principal home in Ontario, and
3. be physically present in Ontario 153 days in any 12-month period
OHIP coverage normally becomes effective three months after the date
you establish residency in Ontario.
· 777 Bay St.
· 200 Elizabeth Street 1st floor (upper level) at the
Toronto General Hospital (College & Bay)
· Complete list locations available on-line at http://www.health.gov.on.ca/english/public/contact/ohip/ohiploc_mn.html
the OHIP wait period it is necessary to have UHIP coverage
Apply for OHIP - you will recieve an application from indicated the
effective date of your OHIP coverage
2) Visit the university UHIP plan administrator's office as soon as
you arrive. For visiting Faculty members contact: Ellen Brikaras at
(416) 946-5477 or email her at ellen.brikaras<at>artsci.utoronto.ca
and for the postdoctoral fellows contact: School of Graduate Studies
at 63 St. George St. Rm 304 (416) 946-5254 or email to sgs.postdoc<at>utoronto.ca
Stewart Library in the Fields Institute carries a small collection of
texts and journals acquired through donations from various publishers
and individual mathematicians. Donated books are catalogued according
to the American Mathematical Society Classification system and are available
for circulation only to visiting members.
Institute's Publications, including the Communications
Series and Monographs are also available in the library and may be
purchased through the American
Mathematical Society On-line Book Store.
a) The main
library for the University of Toronto is Robarts
Library, at 130 St. George, on the northwest corner of Harbord and
St. George. The hours of operation are as follows:
Monday through Friday 8:30am to 11:30pm, Saturday 9:00am to 10:00pm, and
Sunday 1:00pm to 10:00pm.
b) The University
of Toronto Mathematics
library is separate from the main Robarts Library and located at:
Bahen Centre, 40 St. George Street, 6th floor(Note: please refer to your
campus map for all library locations). The majority of Mathematical texts
and journals are located there.
of Toronto library
The web based library catalogue may be accessed from this page
to Get a U of T Library Card
In order to get a U of T Library Card, you need a letter stating that
you are a Fields Institute visitor. Please see the Fields
Receptionist if you would like to obtain a letter.
The TCard Office is located in the north lobby, Room 2054A, 2nd floor,
Robarts Research Library. For more information about the TCard, go to
University of Toronto Libraries
and Souvenirs from Fields
a Canada Post outlet at the Campus Bookstore, which is located next door
at 214 College. You can purchase stamps, send packages or courier mail.
The Bookstore also supplies books, stationary supplies and gift items.
The Canada Post outlet at the Campus Bookstore has a mail forwarding service
available for a small fee. Please enquire with them for more details.
Mail is delivered daily after lunch. Out-going mail with correct postage
can be left with the receptionist for mailing. Each member here for more
than two weeks has a mail folder in Room #445. Please check for your mail
there. Before you leave the Institute please ensure that you inform the
Program Team (programs<at>fields.utoronto.ca)
of your new address where you would like your mail forwarded.
of the Greyhound Canada: http://www.greyhound.ca/
For fare information and the schedule of regular Greyhound buses from
Toronto to the Niagara Falls (approximately every two hours) please call
number for Coach Canada fare information and schedule is 1-800-461-7661
Coach Terminal, 610 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario (416) 393-7855
many useful questions are answered at:
starting with "Are the Falls turned off at night ?" (The
answer: No) to "How far is the Bus terminal from the Falls?"
(2.5 kilometers from the Rainbow bridge).
out OnlineNiagara.com for
information about the different activities to do while at the Falls. (This
is a non-profit organization trying to promote the
arts and culture in Niagara.)
parking on campus at the BCIT building (entry on at 213 Huron St.-
just north of College St.
is also available in a pay lot across from the Institute on College Street.
(cash only), underground at CAMH (entry on Spadina Ave., just north of
Longer If you are staying for 4 months or longer and want a parking
space, please contact the University
of Toronto's Parking Office located at 100 College Street, Room 222
to complete an application. The phone number is (416) 978-7275.
By Email: parking<at>utoronto.ca
photocopy machines available for your use on the third floor outside of
Room 345. The Fields
Receptionist can issue a code for scientific/academic copying
that will allow access to these machines. Long-term visiting researchers
will be given a limit based on the number of months their are stay at
the Institute. On a special request, short-term visiting researchers will
be given 25 copies. Anything over and above that number must be purchased
from the Reception desk at the rate of $.05/copy. All personal copies
should be paid for in office 324. If there are any machine difficulties,
please report them immediately to a staff member. Colour photocopying
is available through the Receptionist for $0.50/sheet.
is involved in the University of Toronto Recycling program. Garbage is
removed from offices by an UofT caretaker once a week, so members are
kindly requested to empty your own garbage as required into the trashcans
located around any common areas on each floors. You will also find recycling
containers for bottles and cans in this area. The recycling blue boxes
in your office are for paper only. Empty these into the bigger blue recycling
containers located at the far east end halls on the 3rd and 4th floors.
Institute environmental committee monitors the institute's energy and
resource consumption, and welcomes suggestions from members and staff
about ways to reduce such consumption. Concerns or suggestions may be
addressed to the Deputy Director at email@example.com
information about Recycling see Recycling
outside of Canada may qualify for a refund on Ontario's GST tax. One way
to get your refund is to complete the refund application form and send it
to the Canada Customs and Revenue Agency (address included on form.) Be
sure to sign and date your application and to attach original receipts or
you can visit one of the participating
duty-free shops to obtain a cash refund for eligible claims that do
not exceed CAN$500.
There is no
refund of the tax paid on items such as: meals and alcohol; tobacco products;
services such as dry cleaning and hairdressing; air, train, and bus tickets,
or car rentals. Also, any goods that you consume or leave in Canada do not
qualify for this refund.
For more information on eligibility, please see : http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/tx/bsnss/tpcs/gst-tps/rbts/gnrl/stt-eng.html
Tax Payable on Research Stipends:
The Canadian Customs and Revenue Agency has many different tax implications
for International and non-resident visitors receiving stipends for their
are required to pay taxes in Canada for income received.
Canada, as long as you are not considered a resident of a country that
has established a tax treaty with Canada, you are required to pay taxes
in Canada for the income you have received. Youre a deemed resident
of Canada for tax purposes if you stay in Canada for 183 days or more
in the tax year or have residential ties with Canada or arent considered
a resident of another country under the terms of a tax
treaty between Canada and that country. If you are deemed a resident
of another country under the tax treaty, you must contact the International
Tax Services Office for the rules that apply to you.
information, please see:
The main phone
number for the Fields Institute is (416) 348-9710. There is a payphone available
on the 2nd floor of the Institute.
There is one shared phone in each office that is equipped with voice mail.
Dial 9 before dialing the telephone number when making outside calls.
your messages on voice mail please see instructions in the office by your
For an extensive
overview of activities and resource links click see
or Toronto resource page.
The TTC has
subway, streetcar and bus routes throughout Toronto. Tickets may be purchased
at subway stations and at many stores.
The TTC also
Service and is the least expensive method of getting to downtown Toronto.
Toronto Airport Express offers another transportation to and from the airport.
Go Transit -- GO trains are commuter service to towns around the Toronto
area. See http://www.gotransit.com/
Toronto Main Bus Terminal (one block north of Bay & Dundas) -- Located
at 610 Bay Street, Tel. (416) 594-1010
Toronto Union Station (corner of Bay & Front Street) -- Located at 55
Front St. W. For VIA Rail, see http://www.viarail.ca/
- this link
provides useful information about traveling to Toronto by plane, train and
Note: As of June 1, 2009, everyone from every country that comes to Canada
by air, land and sea needs a passport or equivalent travel document. (Some
exceptions apply to children's passport requirements)
of Toronto Campus Life
About U of T: General Information -- http://www.utoronto.ca/aboutuoft.html
Map of the University of Toronto Campus -- http://www.utoronto.ca/campuses/maps.htm
Campus News and Events -- http://www.utoronto.ca/newsandevents.html
Campus Life -- http://www.campuslife.utoronto.ca/
Math Department http://www.math.toronto.edu/
U of T Directory -- http://www.library.utoronto.ca/directory/index.htm
Canada - Visas
It is recommended that non-canadian visitors to Fields have a valid passport
to enter Canada.
for information about visiting Cananda.
for a list of countries whose citizens require visas. If you require a visa,
contact the nearest Canadian Visa Office (at the Canadian Embassy or Consulate)
as soon as possible.
notice the following excerpt from the Canada Immigration and Citizenship